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Rocky Linux8.6 Building a server

Rocky Linux8.6 Building a server

Rocky Linux8.6 : OS Install

Rocky Linux 8.6 Install 1.Download Rocky Linux 8 installation image can be downloaded from the following site https://rockylinux.org/download
Rocky Linux8.6 Building a server

Rocky Linux8.6 : WEB Server

1. Install Apache2  & Virtual Host 1.1 Install Apache2 ①Install httpd # dnf -y install httpd Version Check # httpd -v Server version: Apache/2.4.37 (rocky) Server built: May 10 2022 18:05:14 2. Use of CGI Scripts ①Confirmation of CGI availability # grep -n "^ *ScriptAlias" /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf 3. PHP installation and configuration 1.Install PHP ①install 4. Digest authentication with Apache2 Since Basic Authentication, a well-known authentication authorization method for http, sends authentication information in plain text, there is a risk of ID and password leakage if the packet is intercepted. On the other hand, Digest Authentication encrypts and transmits authentication information, so there is almost no risk of information leakage.
Rocky Linux8.6 Building a server

Rocky Linux8.6 : FTP Server

Install FTP Server 1. Instaa  Vsftpd # dnf -y install vsftpd 2.Vsftpd configuration
Rocky Linux8.6 Building a server

Rocky Linux8.6 : Let's Encrypt , Apache Mail SSL

1.Obtain SSL Certificate ( Let's Encrypt ) Install the latest open ssl # dnf install openssl-devel 1.1 Certificate Installation 2. Apache SSL Install the following just in case # dnf -y install mod_ssl 2.1 Edit ssl.conf file 3. Mail SSL/TLS(Let's Encrypt) 3.1 Obtaining a certificate for the mail server Obtain a certificate for the mail server, but it cannot be obtained in the same way as above, so the following with the "--standalone" option fails.
Rocky Linux8.6 Building a server

Rocky Linux8.6 : Initial Settings

1. Disable SELinux First, disable selinux. selinux is a feature that improves auditing and security in Linux, but when enabled, it places considerable restrictions on the behavior of services and on what can be configured. Therefore, it is basically disabled in many cases.
Rocky Linux8.6 Building a server

Rocky Linux8.6 : SSH、firewall、NTP

1. Setting up SSH remote connection SSH is a service for connecting remotely to a server and is basically running immediately after the OS is installed, but the default settings are somewhat insecure. Here we will configure the default settings to increase the security of ssh connections. 1.1 SSH service configuration file changes 2. How to set up a firewall (firewalld) In Rocky, the firewall is set to firewalld by default and is enabled during OS installation. To briefly explain "firewalld," when setting communication control policies, communication permission/blocking rules are applied to predefined zones, and these zones are then assigned to each NIC (network adapter). 4. NTP Server Settings Build an NTP server to synchronize the server time with Japan Standard Time
Rocky Linux8.6 Building a server

Rocky Linux8.6 : Anti-Virus 、Mail Server

Install Clamav ( anti-virus software ) 1.  Install 2. Edit C...
Rocky Linux8.6 Building a server

Rocky Linux8.6 : SNORT ,Tripwire ,Chkrootkit

Install SNORT 1.advance preparation ①Add the CodeReady Red Hat repository and install the required software # dnf config-manager --set-enabled powertools Install Tripwire 1.Download and installation # cd /usr/local/src # wget https://rpmfind.net/linux/epel/8/Everything/x86_64/Packages/t/tripwire-2.4.3.7-5.el8.x86_64.rpm Install Chkrootkit ①Download and install chkrootkit # cd /usr/local/src # wget https://launchpad.net/chkrootkit/main/0.55/+d
Rocky Linux8.6 Building a server

Rocky Linux8.6 : MySQL ,WordPress Install

Install Mysql8 #dnf module -y install mysql:8.0 #vi /etc/my.cnf.d/charset.cnf Create a new charset.cnf with the following contents Install WordPress 1. Create database for Word Press As an example, assume database [wp_db] database user [wp_user] password [?W123456]
Rocky Linux8.6 Building a server

Rocky Linux8.6 : Logwatch ,Disk Usage Check Script

1. Logwatch ① Install # dnf install logwatch ② Edit configuration file # cat /usr/share/logwatch/default.conf/logwatch.conf >> /etc/logwatch/conf/logwatch.conf 2. Introduce disk usage check script 2.1 Scripting # cd /var/www/system
Rocky Linux8.6 Building a server

Rocky Linux8.6 : System Backup and Restore

1.Website data backup 1-1. Backup under /var/www/html ①Creating backup script files # cd /var/www/system # vi backup_html.sh 2. MySQL database backup ①Creating backup script files # cd /var/www/system 3. Restore backup files under html ① Store HTML backup files in "/ (root)" directory # cd /var/www/backup/html_bak # cp html_back_20220610.tar.gz /    ←Specify the backup file with the latest date 4. Restore Mysql Backup Files ①Save DB backup file to any directory (In the example, the directory is "/var/www/backup/db_bak") Extract data
Rocky Linux8.6 Building a server

Rocky Linux8.6 : SSH Public Key Cryptography Authentication

SSH connection with authentication using RSA public key cryptography Creation of public and private key pairs Create a public/private key pair for a user connecting to a Linux server using OpenSSH. Use ssh-keygen to create the key pair. This time, we will create a key set using the RSA cipher used in the SSH protocol Version 2. Creation of public/private key pairs is performed with remote login user privileges (huong). If you do not specify the destination and file name, id_rsa and id_rsa.pub will be created in /home/huong/.ssh/. On the way, enter the password for the key.