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Debian11.5 ; Let's Encrypt WEB , Mail Server SSL

1. Obtain a certificate (Let's Encrypt)

1.1 advance preparation

①Enable mod_ssl

②Install client tool to obtain Let's Encrypt certificate

1.2 Obtaining a Let's Encrypt Certificate

It is assumed that a web server such as Apache httpd or Nginx is running.
If the Web server is not running on the server where the work is to be performed, follow the steps ※ below.
It is also assumed that the server on which the work is to be performed (the server with the FQDN from which you want to obtain the certificate) is accessible from the Internet at port 80.

#Use the directory under the public directory of the running Web server as a temporary area for authentication by specifying [--webroot].
# -w [document root] -d [FQDN from which you want to obtain a certificate] # FQDN (Fully Qualified Domain Name) : Hostname. Domain name without abbreviation
#Document root is the one for the appropriate host definition if there are multiple host definitions in the virtual host
# Registration of e-mail address and agreement to terms of use are required for the first time only.
# Specify an email address to receive

Success when displaye "Congratulations! Your certificate and chain have been saved."
# The following certificate is obtained under [/etc/letsencrypt/live/<FQDN>/] as described in the message

# cert.pem ⇒ SSL server certificate (including public key)
# chain.pem ⇒ intermediate certificate
# fullchain.pem ⇒ File containing cert.pem and chain.pem combined
# privkey.pem ⇒ private key

※ Obtaining a Let's Encrypt certificate when the web server is not running

It is a prerequisite that the server on which the work is to be performed is accessible from the Internet at port 80.

# [--stan#Use the simple Web server function by specifying [--standalone].
# -d [FQDN from which you want to obtain a certificate] # FQDN (Fully Qualified Domain Name) : Hostname. Domain name without abbreviation
# If there are multiple FQDNs for which you want to obtain certificates, specify multiple -d [FQDNs for which you want to obtain certificates

Renewing certificates already obtained
# Renew all certificates with an expiration date of less than 30 days
# If you want to renew regardless of the number of days remaining on the expiration date, specify [--force-renewal] as well

2. SSL/TLS (Let's Encrypt) configuration for Apache2

①Edit Apache2 SSL-related configuration files

②Reflecting and activating the configuration file

③http to https redirect

One of the following methods

④Reflection of settings and startup

3. SSL/TLS (Let's Encrypt) settings on the mail server

3.1 Obtaining a certificate for the mail server

Obtain a certificate for the mail server, but it cannot be obtained in the same way as above, so the following with the "--standalone" option fails.

If I stop the web server once and then do it, it succeeds as follows

3.2 Postfix Configuration

3.3 Dovecot Settings

 

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