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OracleLinux8.8 ; WEB Server (Apache)

1. Apache2 installation and virtual host configuration

1.1 Apache2

①httpd Install

Version Check

1.2 Apache Configuration

Edit httpd.conf file

If Firewalld is enabled, HTTP service permission is required; HTTP uses [80/TCP],HTTPS uses[143/TCP]

Apache Auto-Start Configuration

operation check
If you access http://[server IP address] and you see the Oracle Apache2 Test Page as shown below, it is OK.

⑦Hide the Oracle Welcome page, create a new index.html file as a Test Page, and check the operation of apache.
Rename the welcome page

Create HTML test page

If you access http:// and the Test Page is displayed as shown below, it is OK.

1.3 Virtual Host Settings

Assign and configure the domain name [] to the document root [/var/www/html/] directory for virtual host operation

Creating a Document Directory

Restart Apache

2. Confirmation of CGI Script Usage

①Confirmation of CGI availability

②Create test scripts and check operation

test scripts

If "CGI Script Test Page" is displayed, it is OK.

3. PHP installation and configuration



Version Check

Upgrade to Php 8.2
EPEL and Remi repositories are required, so install them if you have not already done so.

Stop PHP once

Installing PHP 8.2

php-fpm configuration

Restart Apache

After PHP installation, restarting Apache will invoke PHP-FPM (FPM : FastCGI Process Manager) by default, and php-fpm service will be started in conjunction with httpd startup.

Confirmation of PHP operation
Create the following file

Access http://[domain name]/test.php in your browser and if you see the following screen, it is OK

4. Digest authentication with Apache2

Since Basic Authentication, a well-known authentication authorization method for http, sends authentication information in plain text, there is a risk of ID and password leakage if the packet is intercepted.
On the other hand, Digest Authentication encrypts and transmits authentication information, so there is almost no risk of information leakage.

4.1 Create password file for Digest authentication

Specify an authenticated area called realm. This realm allows the same directory to be accessed as authenticated.
For this example, the realm is "DigestAuth" and a user and password file named "secretuser" ".digestauth" is created.


As above, secretuser and encrypted password are created

4.2 Edit Apache configuration file

Specify the directory to which Digest authentication will be applied. (In this case, specify the "secret" directory.)

Add the following at the end

Create a directory for Digest authentication

Enable Digest authentication and reboot

When accessing http://[FQDN]/secret with a browser, a screen appears asking for "user name" and "password".

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