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AlmaLinux 9.1 ; FTP Server , Samba FileServer Install

1.FTP Server

1. 1 Vsftpd Install

1.2 Configure Vsftpd

Save the unedited vsftpd.conf with .bak

①Editing Configuration Files

②Add users to allow directory access to upper level

③ Specify IP addresses to allow connections in /etc/hosts.allow

Write vsftpd:ALL (deny all connections) in /etc/hosts.deny

This setting overrides hosts.allow.
④Enable vsftpd autostart and start it

⑤From windows side, check if you can connect with FileZilla.
Open the ftp port with firewall before connecting

Start FileZilla and select "Site Manager" from the "File" menu.

Click on "New site"
Enter the following settings for each item and click "Connect"
Protocol : FTP-File Transfer Protocol
Host : Server IP Address
Port : [blank] Encryption : Use expllict FTP ocver TLS if available
Logon Type : Ask for password
User  : General user name (server login user)

Set the password for the login user in "Password" and click "OK."

Click "OK" when the following screen appears
If the connection is successful, the server directory is displayed on the right and the Windows directory on the left.

2. Vsftpd over SSL/TLS

Configure Vsftpd to use SSL/TLS

2.1 Create self-signed certificates

This work is not required if you are using a trusted, legitimate certificate such as Let's Encrypt.

2.2 Edit Vsftpd configuration file

Allow passive ports in Firewalld

When connecting to FileZilla, the following screen appears, check the box and click "OK" to connect as described above.

3. File server installation with Samba

Build a file server with access rights that requires user authentication with Samba.
Installation Procedure
①Create shared folders with access rights that require user authentication
②Accessible group creation
③Creation of users belonging to accessible groups
④Configuration File Editing

3.1 Install samba

3.2 Create a shared folder (smbshare)

3.3 Create accessible groups (smbgroup)

3.4 Configuration File Editing

3.5 SMB Restart

3.6 User (smbuser) registration, password setting, group registration

3.7 Firewalld allows Samba services

3.8 Accessing shared directories from Windows 11

①Enable SMB1.0/CIFS in Windows as a preliminary preparation
To enable it, open "Moe Windows features" at the bottom of "Apps" and "Optional features" in the "Settings" menu of Windows, and check "SMB1.0/CIFS File Sharing Support" as shown below. Enable it.

②Connect from Windows Explorer
Open File Explorer and enter "\\<server IP address>" (in this case in the address field.
Access the server.

Enter authentication information
User name : User name created in "3.6 User (smbuser) Registration, Password Setting, Group Registration
Password   : Password for the above user
Click "OK"

Shared directory information is displayed.
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