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Rocky Linux8.4 ; WEB Server Install

1.Installation of Apache2 (httpd-2.4.39) and virtual host configuration

1-1.Apache2 installation

①Download and extract httpd-2.4.39

Download
[root@Lepard ~]# cd /usr/local/src/
src]# wget http://archive.apache.org/dist/httpd/httpd-2.4.39.tar.gz
Extracting the Apache tar file
src]# tar zxvf httpd-2.4.39.tar.gz

➁Download and extract apr and apr-util

src]# wget https://archive.apache.org/dist/apr/apr-1.6.3.tar.gz
src]# wget https://archive.apache.org/dist/apr/apr-util-1.6.1.tar.gz
src]# tar zxvf apr-1.6.3.tar.gz
src]# tar zxvf apr-util-1.6.1.tar.gz
src]# mv apr-1.6.3 httpd-2.4.39/srclib/apr
src]# mv apr-util-1.6.1 httpd-2.4.39/srclib/apr-util

➂Install expat-devel

src]# wget https://github.com/libexpat/libexpat/releases/download/R_2_2_7/expat-2.2.7.tar.gz
src]# tar xvfz expat-2.2.7.tar.gz
src]# cd expat-2.2.7
expat-2.2.7]# ./configure –prefix=/usr/local/expat/2_2_7
expat-2.2.7]# make
expat-2.2.7]# make install

④expatシンボリックリンクを作成

Create an expat symbolic link
Create a symbolic link to the installed library under “/usr/local”.
// /usr/local/bin
expat-2.2.7]# ln -s /usr/local/expat/2_2_7/bin/xmlwf /usr/local/bin/
// /usr/local/include
expat-2.2.7]# ln -s /usr/local/expat/2_2_7/include/expat.h /usr/local/include/
expat-2.2.7]# ln -s /usr/local/expat/2_2_7/include/expat_config.h /usr/local/include/
expat-2.2.7]# ln -s /usr/local/expat/2_2_7/include/expat_external.h /usr/local/include/
// /usr/local/lib
expat-2.2.7]# ln -s /usr/local/expat/2_2_7/lib/libexpat.a /usr/local/lib/
expat-2.2.7]# ln -s /usr/local/expat/2_2_7/lib/libexpat.la /usr/local/lib/
expat-2.2.7]# ln -s /usr/local/expat/2_2_7/lib/libexpat.so /usr/local/lib/
expat-2.2.7]# ln -s /usr/local/expat/2_2_7/lib/libexpat.so.1 /usr/local/lib/
expat-2.2.7]# ln -s /usr/local/expat/2_2_7/lib/libexpat.so.1.6.9 /usr/local/lib/

⑤Installing PCRE

expat-2.2.7]# cd /usr/local/src
src]# wget https://ftp.pcre.org/pub/pcre/pcre-8.43.tar.gz
src]# tar xvfz pcre-8.43.tar.gz
src]# cd pcre-8.43
pcre-8.43]# ./configure –prefix=/usr/local/pcre/8_43 –enable-jit
pcre-8.43]# make
pcre-8.43]# make install

⑥PCREライブラリーのシンボリックリンクを作成
Create a symbolic link to the installed library under “/usr/local”.

// /usr/local/bin
pcre-8.43]# ln -s /usr/local/pcre/8_43/bin/pcre-config /usr/local/bin/
pcre-8.43]# ln -s /usr/local/pcre/8_43/bin/pcregrep /usr/local/bin/
pcre-8.43]# ln -s /usr/local/pcre/8_43/bin/pcretest /usr/local/bin/
// /usr/local/include
pcre-8.43]# ln -s /usr/local/pcre/8_43/include/pcre.h /usr/local/include/
pcre-8.43]# ln -s /usr/local/pcre/8_43/include/pcre_scanner.h /usr/local/include/
pcre-8.43]# ln -s /usr/local/pcre/8_43/include/pcre_stringpiece.h /usr/local/include/
pcre-8.43]# ln -s /usr/local/pcre/8_43/include/pcrecpp.h /usr/local/include/
pcre-8.43]# ln -s /usr/local/pcre/8_43/include/pcrecpparg.h /usr/local/include/
pcre-8.43]# ln -s /usr/local/pcre/8_43/include/pcreposix.h /usr/local/include/
// /usr/local/lib
pcre-8.43]# ln -s /usr/local/pcre/8_43/lib/libpcre.a /usr/local/lib/
pcre-8.43]# ln -s /usr/local/pcre/8_43/lib/libpcre.la /usr/local/lib/
pcre-8.43]# ln -s /usr/local/pcre/8_43/lib/libpcre.so /usr/local/lib/
pcre-8.43]# ln -s /usr/local/pcre/8_43/lib/libpcre.so.1 /usr/local/lib/
pcre-8.43]# ln -s /usr/local/pcre/8_43/lib/libpcre.so.1.2.11 /usr/local/lib/
pcre-8.43]# ln -s /usr/local/pcre/8_43/lib/libpcrecpp.a /usr/local/lib/
pcre-8.43]# ln -s /usr/local/pcre/8_43/lib/libpcrecpp.la /usr/local/lib/
pcre-8.43]# ln -s /usr/local/pcre/8_43/lib/libpcrecpp.so /usr/local/lib/
pcre-8.43]# ln -s /usr/local/pcre/8_43/lib/libpcrecpp.so.0 /usr/local/lib/
pcre-8.43]# ln -s /usr/local/pcre/8_43/lib/libpcrecpp.so.0.0.1 /usr/local/lib/
pcre-8.43]# ln -s /usr/local/pcre/8_43/lib/libpcreposix.a /usr/local/lib/
pcre-8.43]# ln -s /usr/local/pcre/8_43/lib/libpcreposix.la /usr/local/lib/
pcre-8.43]# ln -s /usr/local/pcre/8_43/lib/libpcreposix.so /usr/local/lib/
pcre-8.43]# ln -s /usr/local/pcre/8_43/lib/libpcreposix.so.0 /usr/local/lib/
pcre-8.43]# ln -s /usr/local/pcre/8_43/lib/libpcreposix.so.0.0.6 /usr/local/lib/

⑦ Install httpd-2.4.39

pcre-8.43]# cd httpd-2.4.39
httpd-2.4.39]# ./configure \
–with-layout=Apache \
–enable-module=auth_db \
–enable-module=so \
–enable-module=most \
–enable-mods-shared=reallyall \
–enable-rewrite \
–enable-auth_digest
httpd-2.4.39]# make
httpd-2.4.39]# make install

1-2.Configuration of Apache2

①Edit the httpd.conf file

Back up the httpd.conf file
httpd-2.4.39]# cp /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf_bak
Edit the httpd.conf file
httpd-2.4.39]# vi /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf
Editing the httpd.conf file
■Enable digest authentication per line 83
Remove the “#” at the beginning of the line “LoadModule auth_digest_module modules/mod_auth_digest.so”.

■Enable the CGI module per line 171
Remove the “#” at the beginning of the line “LoadModule cgid_module modules/mod_cgid.so”.
■Change the ServerName per line 228
Add “ServerName Host Name” under “ServerName www.example.com:80”.
■Per line 252 Change document root
Enter a “#” at the beginning of the line “DocumentRoot “/usr/local/apache2/htdocs”” and comment it out
■Add the following under </Directory> around line 279
<VirtualHost *:80>
ServerAdmin Administrator email address
DocumentRoot /var/www/html/Server IP/
ServerName Server IP
ErrorLog “| /usr/local/apache2/bin/rotatelogs /var/log/httpd/Server IP_error_log_%Y%m%d 86400 540”
CustomLog “| /usr/local/apache2/bin/rotatelogs /var/log/httpd/Server IP_access_log_%Y%m%d 86400 540”
combined
ErrorDocument 404 /
</VirtualHost>
<Directory “/var/www/html/Server IP”>

Options Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks MultiViews ExecCGI
Require all granted
Allow from all
AddHandler server-parsed .html
</Directory>
■Add index file per line 307
<IfModule dir_module>
DirectoryIndex index.html index.htm index.php
</IfModule>
■Change the error_log output directory per line 325
Add “#” to the beginning of the line “ErrorLog “logs/error_log”” and add “ErrorLog “/var/log/httpd/error_log”” below it.
and add
■Comment out the log settings per line 355
Add “#” to the beginning of “CustomLog logs/access_log common”.
■Uncomment the CGI script per line 455
Remove the “#” from the beginning of “AddHandler cgi-script .cgi”.
■Enable httpd-default.conf per line 542
Remove the “#” at the beginning of the line “Include conf/extra/httpd-default.conf”.

➁Edit the httpd-default.conf file

httpd-2.4.39]# vi /usr/local/apache2/conf/extra/httpd-default.conf

■Per line 10, change the timeout period.
Timeout 240

➂Create the necessary directories and set their owners and permissions.

httpd-2.4.39]# mkdir -p /var/www/html/Server IP/
httpd-2.4.39]# mkdir /var/log/httpd
httpd-2.4.39]# chown -R <General User Name>:<General User Name> /var/www/
httpd-2.4.39]# chmod 755 /var/www/html/Server IP/

④Check httpd.conf file

httpd-2.4.39]# /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl configtest
Syntax OK

⑤Auto-start configuration for Apache

httpd-2.4.39]# cd /lib/systemd/system/
Create httpd.service with the following contents
[Unit] Description=The Apache HTTP Server
After=network.target remote-fs.target nss-lookup.target[Service] Type = forking
ExecStart=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl start
ExecStop=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl stop
# We want systemd to give httpd some time to finish gracefully, but still want
# it to kill httpd after TimeoutStopSec if something went wrong during the
# graceful stop. Normally, Systemd sends SIGTERM signal right after the
# ExecStop, which would kill httpd. We are sending useless SIGCONT here to give
# httpd time to finish.
KillSignal=SIGCONT
PrivateTmp=true[Install] WantedBy=multi-user.targe

⑥Apache Autostart Configuration and Startup

system]# systemctl enable httpd.service
system]# systemctl start httpd.service

⑦Checking the operation of Apache
If you see “index off” when you connect to http://Server IP Address with a browser such as chrome, Apache is running normally.

2.Installation and configuration of PHP ( PHP-7.3.6 )

2-1 advance preparation

Install the software needed to install PHP

[root@Lepard ~]# dnf install xz-devel libxml2-devel
[root@Lepard ~]# dnf install libjpeg-turbo-devel
[root@Lepard ~]# dnf install libpng-devel
[root@Lepard ~]# dnf install freetype freetype-devel
[root@Lepard ~]# dnf install libcurl-devel

2-2 Install PHP

[root@Lepard ~]# cd /usr/local/src
src]# wget https://www.php.net/distributions/php-7.3.6.tar.gz
src]# tar zxvf php-7.3.6.tar.gz
src]# cd php-7.3.6
php-7.3.6]# ./configure \
–prefix=/usr/local/php7 \
–with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php7/etc \
–with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs \
–enable-mbstring \
–enable-mbregex \
–with-gd \
–enable-gd-jis-conv \
–with-freetype-dir=/usr \
–with-png-dir=/usr \
–with-zlib \
–with-jpeg-dir=/usr \
–with-mysqli=mysqlnd \
–with-mysql-sock=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock \
–with-curl
php-7.3.6]# make
php-7.3.6]# make install

2-3 Editing Apache configuration files

php-7.3.6]# vi /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf
■Per line 188
Add “AddType application/x-httpd-php .php” under “LoadModule php7_module modules/libphp7.so”.

2-4 Edit the PHP configuration file

php-7.3.6]# cp php.ini-development /usr/local/php7/etc/php.ini
php-7.3.6]# vi /usr/local/php7/etc/php.ini

Edit php.ini with the following information

■Per line 401
;memory_limit = 128M
memory_limit = 512M■Per line 476
;display_errors = On
display_errors = Off■Per line 688
;post_max_size = 8M
post_max_size = 128M■Per line 838
;upload_max_filesize = 2M
upload_max_filesize = 2000M■Per line 945
Add “extension=curl.so” and “extension=openssl.so”.
;extension=xsl
extension=curl.so
extension=openssl.so■Per line 959
Add “date.timezone = Asia/Tokyo”.
;date.timezone =
date.timezone = Asia/Tokyo

2-5 Generating the curl.so file

src]# cd /usr/local/src/php-7.3.6/ext/curl/
curl]# /usr/local/php7/bin/phpize
curl]# ./configure –with-curl -with-php-config=/usr/local/php7/bin/php-config
curl]# make
curl]# make install
curl]# ls -l /usr/local/php7/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-zts-20180731/
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 370064 11月11 10:00 curl.so

2-6 Checking PHP operation

src]# vi /var/www/html/192.168.11.63/test.php
<?php phpinfo(); ?>

Restart Apache

src]# systemctl restart httpd.service

When you access http://Server IP/test.php with a browser such as chrome, you will see the following screen

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